In the realm of the aquarium hobby most of our focus is on submersed cultivation, whether of plants, invertebrates, or other livestock…yet many species available in the hobby are capable of living both above and below the surface, and have much to offer if provided an emersed habitat. Paludariums are setups featuring both aquatic and terrestrial environments that showcase the dual aspects of these species. Learn the basics of paludarium styles, design, construction, and planting techniques, as well as long-term maintenance issues for growing healthy plants and livestock below and above water!
Cara is a 20+ year veteran in the planted aquarium hobby, with a focus on lighting science and aquatic aroid cultivation. In her spare time she enjoys exploring and documenting aquatic plants in nature, from dirty ditches in Central Texas to streams in South America and Southeast Asia, birding, and eating strange and spicy foods.